Sleep Apnoea

Sleep Apnoea

Breathing is a subconscious or involuntary function, all of us undertake throughout our lifetime. A continuous activity that happens without any effort from us. When you breathe in oxygen, it is absorbed by the haemoglobin present in the blood and passed on to all the cells in our body resulting in the release of energy by converting the glucose. When there is a lack of oxygen availability due to the constricted flow, the energy distribution to the cells is greatly reduced consequently, hence, we feel fatigued.

The brain cells are incredibly sensitive and rely on oxygen for its functioning and uses up to almost 20% of the available oxygen. That is why when your breathing is compromised, our body metabolism comes down, so does the mental faculties find difficulty in clarity of thinking. The exhaled air removes the carbon dioxide. When not exhaled completely, leads to carbon dioxide accumulation, which might become fatal.

The moment there is a discomfiture or requires our intervention & physical effort, signals an underlying medical complication, when not attended to straight away, would have complex or unwelcome ramification.

A typical adult breathes (a set of inhalation & exhalation) about 12 to 16 times per minute when at a relaxed state, not doing any strenuous work, running, or climbing up. Children and infants may have a higher count. To have unobstructed flow of air the nose and the surrounding airway passage should in no way obstruct its continuity. Any swelling, unwanted growth or enlargement prevents this free flow, leaves the lungs craving for more air (oxygen) as the availability becomes restricted.

Sleep apnoea is an involuntary cessation of breathing that occurs while the person is asleep. Symptoms of sleep apnoea would be loud, persistent snoring. Pauses in breathing, accompanied with gasping episodes when sleeping. Due to the loss of sleep at night, the person would be feeling excessive sleepiness during waking hours. A major cause of sleep apnoea can be attributed to excess weight and obesity. In some cases, among children, it may occur due to the enlargement of the tonsils, blocking the air passage and hindering the smooth flow of air.

 

Treatment

Sleep apnoea Yoga – Pranayama is a specific type of yoga that helps in controlling your breathing. This practice has been proven to be beneficial to alleviate symptoms of sleep apnoea.

The nasal CPAP mask could also help with sleep apnoea. It covers the patient's nose from the bridge to their upper lip area. This delivers an indirect airflow via the nasal mask and helps patients who need higher pressure settings.